What is PrEP?

Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis or PrEP, is a daily pill that is used to prevent HIV in someone who is HIV negative. PrEP is extremely effective at protecting you from an HIV transmission; however, this only works when the pill is taken every day. PrEP was FDA approved in 2012 and multiple research studies have confirmed its effectiveness, showing that PrEP reduces the risk of getting HIV from sex by more than 90 percent when used consistently.

PrEP must be taken for 7-20 days to build up protection. Side effects occur in about 10 percent of people and vary from individual to individual; however, those effects go away within a few days after starting the medication and are usually mild.

PrEP is an effective tool that can help protect an individual from an HIV transmission, whether through sexual contact or intravenous drug use with needle-sharing. It is important to note that even though PrEP prevents HIV, it does not prevent STIs or pregnancies. Condoms, safe sex and safe needle practices should still be utilized.


What is PEP?

PEP (post-exposure prophylaxis) means taking antiretroviral medicines (ART) after being potentially exposed to HIV to prevent becoming infected. PEP should be used only in emergency situations and must be started within 72 hours after a recent possible exposure to HIV.

To print a card and bring to your emergency care service provider, click on the card below.

If you think you’ve recently been exposed to HIV during sex or through sharing needles or if you’ve been sexually assaulted, talk to your health care provider or an emergency room doctor about PEP right away.

For questions regarding PrEP & PEP services, please call 949.809.8764.

To find out more about PEP and PrEP,  call our information line at 949.491.1882.